When manifesting the historical pride to the world, the very honorable occasion taking place in the country is the Kandy Esela Perahara, which is referred to as the festival of the tooth.
Sri Dhalada Maligawa is the place, where the Sacred Tooth Relic of Lord Buddha has been housed and to pay homage for that, this traditional occasion is being celebrated annually on July and August in Kandy in collaboration with four Devales dedicated to the four guardian gods Vishnu, Natha, Katharagama and the goddess Paththini.
People have highly obsessed with establishing fertility in the country by receiving rainfall from enacting these rituals related to Dalada Procession.
This remarkable ancient event starts with the Kap Situweema, through which a sanctified young jak tree is placed in the premises of each of the four Devales. In this series of the festival, for the next five nights “Devale Peraharas” which proceed within the premises of the four Devales, have filled by music, drumming, flags, and canopy bearers.
From the sixth day onwards “Kumbal Perahara” is being conducted for five days. The relic casket is placed inside the Ransiviga affixed to the Maligawe Elephant. Then the Maligawe Perahara joins the Devale Peraheras where whip-crackers, fireball acrobats, flag bearers, drummers, and dancers are being performed beautifully. The Peramune Rala rides the first elephant and he is followed by Kandian drummers and dancers who are followed by elephants, a group of musicians, and flag beares. A group of singers in white heralds the arrival of the Maligawa Tusker carrying the Sacred Tooth Relic and the Diyawadana Nilame walks after the tusker.
The second, third, fourth, and fifth processions are being taken place respectively as follows; from Natha Devale, from Katharagama Devale, from Vishnu Devale, and finally from Paththini Devale.
The firing of cannonballs is symbolized some important times like the commencement of Devale Peraheras, the placing of the casket on the tuskers back, the commencement of the Dalada Perahera, and the completion of the Perahera. After five nights of Kumbal Perahera, the Randoli Perahera begins and continues further five nights. The water cutting ceremony (Diya Kepeema) at Mahaweli River at Getambe is held as the ending event of the pageant.
To remark the termination of the Perahara, Diyawadana Nilame leading other Nilames of Sathara Maha Devalas and the Nilames of rural Devalas proceed to the President’s Pavilion with the Perahara Sandeshaya to declare the successful completion of the Esala Perahera to the President.
Every year not only Sri Lankans but also so many tourists are waiting to experience this fabulous Dalada Procession.
References – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kandy_Esala_Perahera